It included humorous jingles and mock commercials between songs,[87] a mini rock opera called "Rael", and "I Can See For Miles". [321], From the early 1970s, the band's sound included synthesizers, particularly on Who's Next and Quadrophenia. [289], The Quadrophenia and More tour started in November 2012 in Ottawa[290] with keyboardists John Corey, Loren Gold and Frank Simes, the last of whom was also musical director. [196] On 6 December 1975, the Who set the record for largest indoor concert at the Pontiac Silverdome, attended by 78,000. 6 in the UK and No. The release of Who Are You in 1978 was overshadowed by Moon's death shortly after. [74] The group's performances, which still involved smashing guitars and kicking over drums, were well received,[75] and led to their first major US appearance at the Monterey Pop Festival. Entwistle was the first member to get two 4×12 speaker cabinets, quickly followed by Townshend. [280], The Who announced in 2005 that they were working on a new album. [94] The Who would not return to Australia again until 2004. Some fans waiting outside mistook the band's soundcheck for the concert, and attempted to force their way inside. [13], Dawson left after frequently arguing with Daltrey[7] and after being briefly replaced by Gabby Connolly, Daltrey moved to lead vocals. [286] In November 2012, the Who released Live at Hull, an album of the band's performance the night after the Live at Leeds gig. They changed their name after they changed their style from a more bluesy, soulful sound to the sonic sound of Who's Next. [19], By the time the Detours had become the Who, they had already found regular gigs, including at the Oldfield Hotel in Greenford, the White Hart Hotel in Acton, the Goldhawk Social Club in Shepherd's Bush, and the Notre Dame Hall in Leicester Square. [388] The Who inspired mod revival bands, particularly the Jam,[389] which helped other groups influenced by the Who become popular. By 1970, they became the first Canadian rock band to reach number one in the U.S. with their hit single “American Woman.”, Townshend has said that he and Daltrey have since become close friends. [71] It was followed in 1967 by the UK Top 5 single "Pictures of Lily". He believed them to be no longer effective managers, which Townshend and Moon disputed. [377] The guitar-smashing incident at the Railway Hotel in 1964 is one of Rolling Stone magazine's "50 Moments That Changed the History of Rock 'n' Roll". As only a few entrance doors were opened, a bottleneck situation ensued with thousands trying to gain entry, and the crush became deadly. An audience member, Scot Halpin, filled in for the rest of the show. [270] In October 2001 the band performed the Concert for New York City at Madison Square Garden for families of firefighters and police who had lost their lives following the September 11 attacks on the World Trade Center;[271] with Forbes describing their performance as a "catharsis" for the law enforcement in attendance. [2] Townshend and Entwistle became friends in their second year of Acton County, and formed a trad jazz group;[3] Entwistle also played French horn in the Middlesex Schools' Symphony Orchestra. After 13 concerts, it concluded with a performance at the Desert Trip festival at the Empire Polo Club in Indio, California on 16 October. Instead, they booked two shows, one in Leeds on 14 February, and one in Hull the following day, with the intention of recording a live album. Who's Next featured Daltrey and Townshend sharing the lead vocals on several songs, and biographer Dave Marsh considers the contrast between Daltrey's strong, guttural tone and Townshend's higher and gentler sound to be one of the album's highlights. [109], In August, the Who performed at the Woodstock Festival, despite being reluctant and demanding $13,000 up front. [181] Townshend and Entwistle worked on the soundtrack for most of the year, handling the bulk of the instrumentation. The Who's contributions to rock music include the development of the Marshall stack, large PA systems, use of the synthesizer, Entwistle and Moon's lead playing styles, Townshend's feedback and power chord guitar technique, and the development of the rock opera. [369], Entwistle's death came as a shock to both Townshend and Daltrey, and caused them to re-evaluate their relationship. Originally Answered: How did Who (the band) get its name? That last one is kinda the correct answer. Tour. [55], The next single, "My Generation", followed in October. About 1,900 years ago the Egyptian astronomer Claudius Ptolemy (who was born under, and lived … David Essex auditioned for the title role, but the band persuaded Daltrey to take it. Why Live Aid was the greatest show of all", "Noise-Induced Hearing Loss in Children: What Educators Need to Know", "Musicians' Health Issues Often Overlooked", "Flashback: The Who Strip Down at their 1999 comeback show", "The Who resurrects its 'other' rock opera, 'Quadrophenia, "VH1: 100 Greatest Artists of Rock & Roll", "Neil Young, the Who, Pearl Jam, Take It to the Bridge", "The Who & Special Guests: Live at the Royal Albert Hall (2000)", "Corporations put aside egos, rivalry to help out", "The Who Spring Back And Start Their Tour", "24 Years Later, Believe It or Not, The Who's Next", "Fans React to the Who's Super Bowl Halftime Performance", "The Who: Quadrophenia at the Royal Albert Hall", "The Who's Future Uncertain as Townshend's Tinnitus Returns", "The Who Quadrophenia (and more) in Ottawa", "The Who announce North American tour performing "Quadrophenia" plus Who classics", "How Local Drummer Scott Devours Scored a Gig With the Who With Four Hours to Learn 'Quadrophenia, "The Who: Quadrophenia Live in London – The Sea and the Sand – exclusive footage", "The Who announce they will quit touring after 50th anniversary gig in 2015", "The Who to Launch 'Last Big Tour' in 2015", "The Who say UK tour begins 'long goodbye, "Kenney Jones to perform with The Who on stage for first time in more than 25 years", "The Who Launching World Tour This Year and 'Hoping' for New Album", "The Who announce 50th anniversary 'goodbye' tour", "The Who unveil first new song in eight years", "The Who Announce New App, Preview Foray Into Virtual Reality", "Pete Townshend: "I Think The Who Will Stop After This Year, "The Who to Headline Sunday at Glastonbury Festival 2015", "Roger Daltrey's meningitis puts The Who's tour on hold", "The Who to Return to the Isle of Wight Festival", "THE WHO TO PREMIERE A NEW ACOUSTIC PRESENTATION OF 'TOMMY' AT TEENAGE CANCER TRUST AT THE ROYAL ALBERT HALL 30 MARCH / 1 APRIL 2017", "The Who to perform Tommy in full on 2017 UK tour – The Who announce that 5 UK dates scheduled for April [2017] will include a performance of classic album Tommy in full", "The Who Plot Symphonic U.S. [41], By late 1964, the Who were becoming popular in London's Marquee Club, and a rave review of their live act appeared in Melody Maker. [372] The Who influenced hard rock bands such as Guns N' Roses. [305] In September 2015, all remaining US tour dates were cancelled after Daltrey contracted viral meningitis. The first show in Las Vegas at the MGM Grand Garden Arena[255] was partially broadcast on TV and the Internet and released as the DVD The Vegas Job. According to Wikipedia: In February 1964, the Detours became aware of the group Johnny Devlin and … WOOD WORKER (TITLE 32) Job in Raleigh, North Carolina – Department... OPERATIONS PLANNING SPECIALIST Job in Barksdale AFB, Louisiana – Department of... Watch This: “25th Hour” provides an acting showcase for Edward Norton... Watch This: “Trainspotting” defied cinematic norms and defined a generation, “Younger Now” will take Miley Cyrus full circle. Townshend preferred "the Hair", and Barnes liked "the Who" because it "had a pop punch". [221] Moon had died one week after seeing the rough cut with Daltrey. [383] Proto punk and punk rock bands such as the MC5,[384] the Stooges,[385] the Ramones[386] the Sex Pistols,[201] the Clash[387] and Green Day cite the Who as an influence. [39] Angered by the audience's laughter, he smashed the instrument on the stage, then picked up another guitar and continued the show. "[204], Recording of Who Are You started in January 1978. [27], In June 1964, during a performance at the Railway, Townshend accidentally broke the head of his guitar on the low ceiling of the stage. [262][354], Townshend focused on writing meaningful lyrics[355] inspired by Bob Dylan, whose words dealt with subjects other than boy–girl relationships that were common in rock music; in contrast to Dylan's intellectualism, Townshend believed his lyrics should be about things kids could relate to. The Who are an English rock band formed in London in 1964. They get their name from their appearance under a microscope, which reveals them to be spherical and covered with crown-like spikes. The naming of Gen X began a rather lazy era of alphabetic generational names. A reveler in Times Square waits for the new year on Dec. 31, 1999. As the band rose to international success, they eventually dropped the question mark, going from The Guess Who? On 27 June, the day before the first date,[274] Entwistle was found dead of a heart attack at 57 at the Hard Rock Hotel in Las Vegas. Here we will venture to explain where bands got their names. Sting played Jimmy's friend and fellow mod, the Ace Face. By Rebecca Boyle. [81] Daltrey later said that the tour brought the band closer, and as the support act, they could turn up and perform a short show without any major responsibilities. At the end of 1964, Townshend presented the group with an original song called "I Can't Explain," which owed a little to the Kinks ' … It did enhance their status with the mods: by late 1964, they'd developed an enthusiastic following: mods loved destruction as part of an act. [78] When Moon was destroying toilets in hotels, Entwistle confessed he "was standing behind him with the matches". The tour began on 7 May in Grand Rapids, Michigan, but was interrupted during a show at Houston, Texas in September 2019 Houston after Daltrey lost his voice. [184] 1500 extras appeared in the "Pinball Wizard" sequence. A settlement was reached, but Townshend was upset and disillusioned that Klein had attempted to take ownership of his songs. Townshend and Daltrey continued as the Who with regular live performances, releasing Endless Wire in 2006. The Who occasionally re-formed for live appearances such as Live Aid in 1985, a 25th anniversary tour in 1989 and a tour of Quadrophenia in 1996–1997. [109] Townshend had taken to wearing a boiler suit and Doctor Martens shoes. "[89] Later that year, Lambert and Stamp formed a record label, Track Records, with distribution by Polydor. [10], Daltrey spotted Entwistle by chance on the street carrying a bass and recruited him into the Detours. [277], To combat bootlegging, in 2002 the band began to release the Encore Series of official soundboard recordings via [22], During a gig with a stand-in drummer in late April at the Oldfield, the band first met Keith Moon. The fan obliged, without taking Pete Townshend's advice that "the quickest way" to extinguish a joint is "up your fucking arse". [332] Live gigs and the audience have always been important to the group. Sandom and Townshend did not speak to each other again for 14 years. [323] Although groups had used synthesizers before, the Who were one of the first to integrate the sound into a basic rock structure. According to Before I Get Old: The Story of The Who by dave Marsh and other books, in 1964 the Detours became aware that there was another group called Johnny Devlin and the Detours and decided to change there name. Townshend had written a song, "I Can't Explain", that deliberately sounded like the Kinks to attract Talmy's attention. You can find more on The Guess Who at The Canadian Encyclopedia. While the Guess Who did have several hits in America, they were superstars in their home country of Canada during the 1960s and early '70s. [301][371] Their appearances at Monterey and Woodstock helped give them a reputation as one of the greatest live rock acts[372] and they have been credited with originating the "rock opera". Entwistle contributed "Boris the Spider" and "Whiskey Man" and found a niche role as second songwriter. Songs from the project made up 1971's Who's Next, which included the hit "Won't Get Fooled Again". [83] Townshend called it "the ultimate Who record",[84] and was disappointed it reached only No. George Struth (second from left) George Struth joined the Canadian record label, Quality Records , in 1957, eventually working his way up to become the first President of the company (his predecessors being only General Managers). The only gig that year was an informal show on 15 December at the Gaumont State Cinema in Kilburn, London, filmed for the documentary The Kids Are Alright. I never realised dynamite was so powerful. Writing hadn’t been invented, so they couldn’t chalk their names on the rock. [122], Woodstock has been regarded as culturally significant, but the Who were critical of the event. Townshend posted a novella called The Boy Who Heard Music on his blog, which developed into a mini-opera called Wire & Glass, forming the basis for the album. [258] The group have a featured collection in the hall's museum, including one of Moon's velvet suits, a Warwick bass of Entwistle's, and a drumhead from 1968. The group did not take their name from the Jeff Bridges film Bad Company as is often quoted. Origin of Names for Rocks and Minerals , Name Origins, The Rock and Mineral names can be traced quite often to Greek and to Latin. Find more of her work at: [231] Both Face Dances and It's Hard sold well and the latter received a five-star review in Rolling Stone. David Bowie, Public Enemy, Kiss Never Topped Charts", "Pete Townshend ranked among greatest songwriters", "Etta James, The Who make National Recording Registry", Revolution in the Head: The Beatles' Records and the Sixties, My Generation / The Who Sings My Generation, The Who & Special Guests: Live at the Royal Albert Hall, Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere" / "Daddy Rolling Stone, Anyway, Anyhow, Anywhere" / "Anytime You Want Me, Won't Get Fooled Again" / "I Don't Even Know Myself, Woodstock: Music from the Original Soundtrack and More, Woodstock 40 Years On: Back To Yasgur's Farm, Woodstock – Back to the Garden: The Definitive 50th Anniversary Archive, Chip Monck (festival master of ceremonies),, Grammy Lifetime Achievement Award winners, Pages using Sister project links with hidden wikidata, Official website different in Wikidata and Wikipedia, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 20 January 2021, at 13:32. The Railway burned down in 2002 and became blocks of flats named after members of the band. [342] From 1968 to 1973, he favoured a Gibson SG Special live,[343] and later used customised Les Pauls in different tunings. Stu Sutcliffe - John Lennon . [264], In late 1999, the Who performed as a five-piece for the first time since 1985, with Bundrick on keyboards and Starkey on drums. [256], In 1990, the Who were inducted into the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame. [360] His two contributions to Tommy ("Cousin Kevin" and "Fiddle About") appeared because Townshend did not believe he could write songs as "nasty" as Entwistle's. Hendrix was also on the bill, and was also going to smash his guitar on stage. He decided their friendship was important, and this ultimately led to writing and recording new material. Randy Bachman and drummer Garry Peterson joined in 1962, when the group’s name was changed to Chad Allan & The Reflections. [133] The tour included their second appearance at the Isle of Wight Festival. [192], In 1975, Daltrey and Townshend disagreed about the band's future and criticised each other via interviews in the music paper New Musical Express. [15][321] Entwistle's was the first popular use of Rotosound strings in 1966, trying to find a piano-like sound. [353], Jones' drumming style was in sharp contrast to Moon's. [141][142], Recording at the Record Plant in New York City in March 1971 was abandoned when Lambert's addiction to hard drugs interfered with his ability to produce. [149] The Who continued to issue Lifehouse-related material over the next few years, including the singles "Let's See Action", "Join Together" and "Relay". [9] In 1959 he started the Detours, the band that was to evolve into the Who. Townshend approached the gigs with optimism; the rest of the band were just happy to be gigging again. It just happens to originate in a particular area." Posted in: Music Features. [301] That November, the group released a virtual reality app co-designed by Daltrey's son, Jamie, featuring events and images from the band's history. [86], The next album was The Who Sell Out – a concept album paying tribute to pirate radio, which had been outlawed in August 1967 by the Marine, &c., Broadcasting (Offences) Act 1967. [255], The band toured the US and UK from June to October 2000,[266] to generally favourable reviews,[268] culminating in a charity show at the Royal Albert Hall for the Teenage Cancer Trust with guest performances from Paul Weller, Eddie Vedder, Noel Gallagher, Bryan Adams and Nigel Kennedy. ", "I just couldn't get through to Pete and Roger. "Baba O'Riley" and "Won't Get Fooled Again" are early examples of synthesizer use in rock, featuring keyboard sounds generated in real time by a Lowrey organ; on "Won't Get Fooled Again", it was further processed through a VCS3 synthesizer. As well as signing Hendrix, Track became the imprint for all the Who's UK output until the mid-1970s. Welcome to a new series here at Rocknworld called “Name Origins”. [153][154] In November they performed at the newly opened Rainbow Theatre in London for three nights,[155] continuing in the US later that month, where Robert Hilburn of the Los Angeles Times described the Who as "the Greatest Show on Earth". "The first kid who beat me up when I was 12, was a high school kid who always used to talk about how the old arcade burned down and all these kids died Jones officially joined the band in November 1978. More … [174] At a gig in Newcastle, the tapes completely malfunctioned, and an enraged Townshend dragged sound-man Bob Pridden on-stage, screamed at him, kicked all the amps over and partially destroyed the backing tapes. At this time, the group enlisted Richard Cole as a roadie. Amazing Journey was nominated for a 2009 Grammy Award. "It name-checks a particular region of the Earth, when really a virus is happy infecting anybody that it can get to. More than the name itself, what actually bothers Chen are the implications of the actions of a "Karen," and how the use of their privilege can come at the cost of marginalized groups. [197] On 31 May 1976, they played a second concert at the Valley which was listed in the Guinness Book of Records as the world's loudest concert at over 120 dB. [217] The soundtrack was Jones' first appearance on a Who record, performing on newly written material not on the original album. Click here for instructions on how to enable JavaScript in your browser. Bachman declares: “That’s how we got our name the Guess Who, even though we didn’t want it… we told him [Struth] we hated it! Although all three surviving original members of the Who attended, they appeared on stage together only during the finale, "Join Together", with the other guests. [267] Critics were delighted to see a rejuvenated band with a basic line-up comparable to the tours of the 1960s and 1970s. Rick Witter’s awesome Yorkie crew took their name from a railway shed. [8] He was expelled at 15 and found work on a building site. It was the last studio recording to feature Entwistle. Townshend wrote the song to commemorate the common man, as a contrast to the themes on Tommy. 2, "My Generation" is the group's highest-charting single in the UK. [44] "I Can't Explain" was recorded in early November 1964 at Pye Studios in Marble Arch with the Ivy League on backing vocals, and Jimmy Page played fuzz guitar on the B-side, "Bald Headed Woman". George Struth joined the Canadian record label, Quality Records, in 1957, eventually working his way up to become the first President of the company (his predecessors being only General Managers). [327] The Who were early adopters of Marshall Amplification. [59] The resulting legal acrimony resulted in Talmy holding the rights to the master tapes, which prevented the album from being reissued until 2002. Jessica Young is a freelance writer based in Toronto, Canada. [259], In 1991, the Who recorded a cover of Elton John's "Saturday Night's Alright for Fighting" for the tribute album Two Rooms: Celebrating the Songs of Elton John & Bernie Taupin. [92][93] After an incident that took place on a flight to Sydney, the band were briefly arrested in Melbourne and then forced to leave the country; Prime Minister John Gorton sent a telegram to The Who telling them never to return to Australia. [263] In 1998, VH1 ranked the Who ninth in their list of the "100 Greatest Artists of Rock 'n' Roll". Their classic lineup consisted of lead singer Roger Daltrey, guitarist and singer Pete Townshend, bass guitarist and singer John Entwistle, and drummer Keith Moon. [303][304] To coincide with The Who's 50th anniversary, all studio albums, including the new compilation, The Who Hits 50!, were reissued on vinyl. [230], The Who released two studio albums with Jones as drummer, Face Dances (1981) and It's Hard (1982). [279] Later that year, Rolling Stone ranked the Who No. A new B-side, "Waltz for a Pig", was recorded by the Graham Bond Organisation under the pseudonym "the Who Orchestra". Guess who rocked the charts in the 1960s and 1970s with hits like “American Woman,” “No Time,” and “Laughing.” And, guess who was inducted into the Canadian Hall of Fame in 1987? [103] Townshend later said, "I wanted the story of Tommy to have several levels ... a rock singles level and a bigger concept level", containing the spiritual message he wanted as well as being entertaining.

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